The Solovetsky Archipelago is a Russian national shrine and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its development concept will be a great example of sustainable development, which intends both to preserve the spiritual, historical, natural heritage, and to implement the principles of sustainable tourism declared by UNESCO. The need to meet UNESCO requirements for the conservation of the World Heritage Property, including spatial, planning, landscape features of the village and the entire archipelago, ensures the integration of the project into the context. The concept provides for rehabilitation and maintenance of unique natural and cultural landscapes being in optimal balance between man and nature, including a man-made lake and channel system, meadow landscapes, historic roads with a drainage system and dams and a settlement landscape with the Solovetsky Monastery as dominant in architecture. For sustainable development, no expanding of the built-up area and a modest new construction are planned. The development of tourism activities is based on the principles of sustainable tourism introduced by UNESCO. It is proposed to restrict the tourist flow at the existing level (35-40 thousand people per year) and to bring tourist routes under control. The revival of monastic life, hermitages, traditional crafts and a unique northern meadow farming will ensure the restoration of cultural landscapes. Moderate new construction combined with a delicate integration of social facilities into the historical context are designed to preserve nature and monastery privacy and to create modern living conditions. The revival of the archipelago will also be facilitated by additional transport links with the mainland, where “anchor” service facilities, tourist, scientific and restoration centers will be located.
Dina Dridze, Ganna Omelyanenko, Mikhail Skorokhod, Yulia Kalitseva
The Solovetsky Archipelago, Russia
PROFESSIONAL COMPETITION, Season 2019/20, URBAN PLANNING SYSTEMS